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Buddy Bolden: The origins of jazz are deeply intertwined with the experiences of African slaves and their descendants in the United States.

While it's true that jazz has roots in African musical traditions brought over by slaves, its development is also influenced by a complex mix of cultural interactions, including European harmonies, American brass band traditions, and Caribbean rhythms.

In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, particularly in New Orleans, a melting pot of cultures and musical styles converged.

African rhythmic sensibilities merged with European instruments and harmonies, creating a fertile ground for the emergence of jazz.

African musical practices such as call and response, improvisation, and polyrhythms found their way into the evolving jazz genre.

Jelly Roll Morton.

Louis Armstrong;

The social conditions of the time also played a significant role.

African Americans, facing discrimination and segregation, found solace and expression through music. They performed in places like Congo Square in New Orleans, where African and Afro-Caribbean musical traditions were kept alive.

Jazz truly began to take shape in the late 19th century and early 20th century, with musicians like Buddy Bolden, Jelly Roll Morton, and Louis Armstrong pioneering the genre. It gained popularity through the spread of phonograph records and the emergence of jazz bands in cities like Chicago and New York.

The Great Migration, during which millions of African Americans moved from the South to urban areas in the North, also contributed to the spread of jazz. In cities like Chicago and New York, jazz flourished in speakeasies, dance halls, and clubs, becoming an essential part of American culture.

So, while the roots of jazz can be traced back to African musical traditions, its development and evolution are the result of a complex interplay of cultural, social, and historical factors in the United States.

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